Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Conglomerate Under the Microscope free essay sample

A combination under the magnifying instrument In 1960, Arthur Rosenburg established Tyco when he opened a research facility to accomplish trial work the United States government. It wasn’t until 1962, Rosenburg joined the business as Tyco Laboratories. The company’s center was around vitality preservation items and tech materials science for business use. In September 1964 Tyco opened up to the world and started its securing of different organizations to augment its turn of events and conveyance arrange. Over the 22 years Tyco developed considerably through key acquisitions and developing decent variety inside the enterprise. Some key acquisitions included: †¢1974: Simplex Technologies, makers of undersea fiber optic broadcast communications link †¢1976: Grinnell Fire Protection Systems, makers of and temporary workers for fire sprinkler frameworks †¢1979: Armin Plastics, makers of polyethylene film items †¢1981: Ludlow Corporation, makers of bundling items. The expansion of these organizations, an absolute value of $49 million, $500 million in all out deals, and a total assets $140 million pushed Tyco into the spotlight as a significant aggregate. The entirety of the achievements and development of Tyco can be contributed forceful administration by Roseburg and all officials who emulated his example. Tyco is contained four specialty units: Electrical and Electronic Components, Healthcare and Specialty Products, Fire and Security Services, and Flow Control. The Companys name was changed from Tyco Laboratories, Inc. to Tyco International Ltd. in 1993, to reflect Tycos worldwide nearness. In 1997, after the merger with ADT, Tyco moved its fuse from Massachusetts to Bermuda. In the course of the most recent two decades Tyco has seen an amazing ascent, blasting business, decimating outrage, and complete restoration of the association. The company’s morals have been enduring an onslaught because of amazing legitimate mishaps. Luckily, Tyco has been capable ricochet back, however the street back wasn’t a simple one. Ranges of authority There have been numerous impacts that formed and shaped Tyco since its beginning in 1960. On July 19, 2001, the U. S. Customer Product Safety Commission and Tyco Fire Products LP associate, Central Sprinkler Company, nnounced a willful substitution program. The review was because of deficient O-ring seals. Focal Sprinkler Company made a move when they found that the O-ring sprinklers were corrupting after some time. As indicated by their discoveries, the sprinkler heads could consume or contaminants, for example, salt could influence the O-ring seals. Those elements could have caused the sprinkler heads not initiate in case of a fire. (CPSC, 2001) The work and free parts substitution secured 37 million fire sprinklers with O-ring seals produced using the mid-1970 until 2001. There were likewise 167,000 sprinkler heads additionally reviewed made by Gem Sprinkler Company and Star Sprinkler Inc. This move by Tyco the executives was incited for two genuine reasons. The primary purpose behind the review was the nature of the item that was discharged by Tyco. After broad research and testing, Central Sprinkler Company was lucky to get the deformity in its own item. The second and likely the most inspiring element was the possibility of huge claims coming from a broken O-ring. Had the deficiency been disregarded, numerous lives would have been placed in harm's way. The sprinkler review wasn’t the main review the Tyco International was confronted with; there was additionally review on smoke alarms. On May 19, 2006, Tyco Fire Security in participation with the Consumer Product Safety Commission discharged an item wellbeing review on Tyco Fire Security Fire Detection Systems. It was assessed that the review influenced around 21,000 Fire Detection Systems all through the United States. The issue fire discovery frameworks entirely defenseless to diminished affectability to smoke in states of high moistness and high temperature. If this somehow happened to happen, the senor on the gadget could have postponed recognizing the nearness of smoke in case of a fire. Tyco Fire Security reached constructing proprietors and administrators with these sensors and gave free programming overhauls. Like the review of the sprinkler O-rings, Tyco International administration had to address this conceivably tragic issue. In addition to the fact that this is an issue of morals, yet in addition an issue of lawfulness. By being proactive in the issue, numerous lives were spared, the company’s notoriety was in class, and no legitimate issues rose. In 1992, Dennis Kozlowski became CEO of Tyco International and led a forceful securing technique that prompted the procuring large number of organizations. Throughout the decade Tyco International delighted in a consistent improve in income and Kozlowski was continually positioned as one of most generously compensated CEO’s in the United States. In 2002, closely following discussions about separating the organization into four separate organizations, Tyco International experienced harsh criticism for unlawful bookkeeping rehearses. It was later found that there were a large number of unapproved installments made to CEO Dennis Kozlowski and other Tyco workers. Dennis Kozlowski left the organization not long after the outrage, leaving investors and Tyco workers uncertain of the company’s future. As indicated by reports, 11 names among the 51 Tyco representatives who, at Kozlowskis course and without board endorsement, got $56 million in rewards that as a result counteracted advances they had taken from the companys migration program. It was additionally discovered that $50 million was paid to Kozlowski and previous CFO Mark Swartz. The organization said Kozlowski abused $62 million of the companys coffers to buy a $16. million condo on Fifth Avenue in New York and $14 million for enhancements and decorations to the loft. A portion of the goods that came up short on any real business reason incorporated a $15,000 hound umbrella stand; a $17,100 voyaging latrine box; a $6,000 shower window ornament; a $2,200 overlaid metal wastebasket; and $2,900 for coat holders. Generally speaking, somewhere in the range of 1995 and 2002, Kozlowski just took care of $21. 7 million of the $62 million. (CBS, 2002) After designating previous Motorola COO Edward Breen to CEO, Tyco International recorded two government claims against Kozlowski and a bureaucratic suit against Swartz. Kozlowski and Swartz were accused of big business debasement and fabulous robbery for supposedly taking $170 million from the organization and getting $430 million through the false deals of protections. Both were sentenced for everything except one check. For this situation Tyco settled on right choice to indict anybody engaged with this case. On the off chance that the embarrassment would have been ineffectively dealt with, the budgetary repercussions would have been obliterating. In 2003, Tyco received the Guide to Ethical Conduct so as to control and encourage representatives as to address systems and caution of exploitative practices and conduct. Every year Tyco workers are currently required to take a morals course and sign a morals proclamation upon finish. Not long after the aftermath of the embarrassment Tyco was confronted with claims from financial specialists. These financial specialists lost cash from protections they bought from Tyco between Dec 13, 1999 and June 7, 2002. Tyco had the option to settle with financial specialists for 2. 97 billion dollars. The Tyco settlement is right now the biggest ever by an organization (Norris, 2007). On June 29, 2007, Tyco separated into three free organizations, each with its own administration gathering. The three organizations are Covidien Ltd, Tyco Electronics Ltd, and Tyco International Ltd (some time ago Tyco Fire Security and Tyco Engineered Products Services). President of Tyco International, Edward Breen and his administration staff have started take a shot at restoring Tyco’s name and notoriety in the business network. The pledge to moral strategic approaches can be found in the company’s administration proclamation: Tyco accepts that great administration requires a viable arrangement of explicit practices as well as a culture of obligation all through the firm. Peruse increasingly about our pledge to the best expectations of corporate administration.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Religion - St. Augustine's Confessions Research Paper

Religion - St. Augustine's Confessions - Research Paper Example Augustine is a persuasive man. Past his undeniable impact in the confidence, he has applied enormous influence on reasoning, religious philosophy, and even training. Augustine was not initially a devotee. His personal book, Confessions, subtleties his transformation. Be that as it may, in contrast to a standard self-portraying book, Augustine describes a mind-blowing occasions as far as how they sway his confidence and his convictions. Numerous individuals discover the account of Augustine interminably rousing and intriguing. To be sure, Benedict XVI called him â€Å"one of Christian history's most prominent converts† during his location to the General Audience at the Paul VI Audience Hall. Augustine’s transformation isn't an account of blinding light or a solitary second that moved everything. It is, fairly, an account of little strides toward an extreme objective. It is the tale of what number of powers work to point an individual toward the path they have to go. It i s the tale of how tuning in to little signs and signals can enable an individual to locate their legitimate spot. In spite of the fact that Augustine grew up with strict guidance, he was not a devotee to the manner in which he was after his transformation. Truth be told, he portrays his sentiments with respect to otherworldliness and confidence plainly. â€Å"Thus I around then accepted with my mom and the entire house, aside from my dad; yet he didn't defeat the impact of my mother’s devotion in me in order to forestall my having faith in Christ, as he had not yet had confidence in Him† (Schaff and Augustine, Chapter XI). ... Augustine’s foundation didn't fit dedication. His reality was a lot of like that of the advanced youngster and youthful: joy and material centered. He describes the particulars of the general public and family where he was raised. Augustine’s first notice of any kind of profound mindfulness is in the wake of entering school. School was a position of pitiable reality for Augustine, who was dreadful of beatings from his educators. Augustine reviews first experience with God: â€Å"O Lord, I watched men going to thee, and I gained from them to imagine thee- - after my ability for understanding as it was at that point - to be some extraordinary Being, who, however not obvious to our faculties, had the option to hear and help us† (Augustine, 50). He clarifies that he looked for God’s help with his regular worries at that point, which focused upon comfort. â€Å"Small as I seemed to be, I implored with no slight sincerity that I probably won't be beaten at scho ol† (Augustine, 50). Augustine’s childhood proceeds in a run of the mill way; he is overwhelmed by worry over material things and delight. His contemplations are not engaged toward God. Actually, his musings go to desire as he moves toward immaturity. He talks about the way that desire is nearly instructed to young men through their training. He calls attention to that they read about the divine beings, who deeds are insidious and inside whom desire is solid and overwhelming. His point is reasonable that desire is nearly instructed to young men as a characteristic condition, one which they can pardon. All things considered, if even a divine being can't defeated his wants, how could a negligible human be required to do as such? Augustine examines top to bottom his fight with desire. This is a fight which will torment him for a mind-blowing duration, even unto his life as a hireling of God. It is an exceptionally mortal

Monday, July 27, 2020

Giving Up the Quest for Literary Hipsterdom

Giving Up the Quest for Literary Hipsterdom This is a guest post by Aram Mrjoian,  a writer of various fiction, online essays, and daily haikus. He is an avid reader and publishing professional. Follow him on Twitter:  @AMrjoian575 _________________________ I recently walked into Kaleidoscope Books in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and asked if they had a copy of either of the two editions of Blast!. Kaleidoscope is a small place, crammed to the ceilings with stacks of collectible comics in sooty plastic wrap and moldy tomes with broken spines, with a small island desk buried in the middle, harboring the one man that works there immovably. “Ha, if you have six hundred bucks.” The guy replied. This number did not surprise me. In fact, part of me was wondering why I bothered to ask in the first place. I knew the price would be exorbitant and unaffordable, but I wanted to prove to him the I was initiated. I hoped to demonstrate I was more than another wandering student or feigning hipster looking for a cheap copy of Ulysses or A Moveable Feast. (Not to say there is anything wrong with that, I own used copies of both of those books.) Mainly I wanted to prove to the storeowner that I had some knowledge of the obscure books he exchanged with antediluvian college professors and wealthy collectors. I wanted to be taken seriously despite not being his usual clientele. I blame this desire notably on my friend Tom. When we were in college, frequenting Curious Book Shop more so than our English class, he pushed me towards the lesser-known works of canonized writers that we read mostly to goad our own egos. This resulted in a self-serving advantage when discussing books, primarily amongst other English majors and youthful pseudo-intelligentsia. When someone brought up the eerie perversity of Lolita, we were quick to add our own thoughts on Nabokov’s infamous novel, but would then counter with, “Have you read Invitation To A Beheading?” When asked about Henry Miller I would bring up The Colossus Of Maroussi before Tropic Of Cancer. Wyndham Lewis became one of our personal heroes, and I often talked about Sylvia Beach as if I were her close friend. In retrospect, the word sophomoric comes glaringly to mind. Our imagined erudition was by all means arrogant and narcissistic, but it eventually served a humbling purpose. In time, I think both Tom and I reached the realization that we were digging ourselves into a hole, creating an abyss of references and proclaimed knowledge that essentially led nowhere. At the end of the day, we both read because we loved learning, not to make an ostentatious display. One day I sat down for coffee with an older friend/mentor named Donnie, a man of immense book knowledge, and he mentioned Donald Barthelme and Thomas Pynchon in passing as we conversed. An instant sense of panic surged through me when I realized I’d never read anything by either of these writers. I immediately found that I had turned reading into a competition, a hipster platitude that has become obscenely prevalent as of late. We create an arsenal of cultural references and use them to apotheosize ourselves. Luckily, the moment I came to this conclusion, I could start reading with a new perspective, regaining the same curious passion I used to have when my parents read to me before bed when I was small. I saw that the only reason I would speciously mislead people into believing I’ve read more than I have in actuality or bombastically articulate vague literary ideas is to hide my own insecurities. That in many ways the culture of reading can quickly be smeared from a communal and pivotal way to learn and be transformed into an isolating and exclusive way to socially expound personal intelligence. To put it simply, I got lost. I forgot that reading should be a way of unifying people rather than a way to show-off. In the book I’m currently reading, The Recognitions by William Gaddis, there is a scene in which a character named Otto walks around a crowded party and keeps making the comment, “I’d say he was a latent heterosexual”, hoping that someone will acknowledge his cleverness and wit. At times, I groaned audibly as I read this scene, with the understanding that I used to do the same thing. I used to roam around parties and want my brilliance to be recognized. I would talk about books venomously and vituperate in some obscure hopes of being elevated amongst my peers. It was the moment I destroyed this reflex that I could at last sit down, relax, and regain my genuine love of reading.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Comparing Women in The Bell Jar and Enormous Changes at...

Exploitation of Women Exposed in The Bell Jar and Enormous Changes at the Last Minute In their manifesto, the Redstockings argued that the relationship between men and women was a class relationship, and that the men repressed and controlled the women. The women were objects, and the men owned them. They said that, as a class, women are exploited as sex objects, breeders, domestic servants, and cheap labor by the male class(Bloom, Takin it to the Streets, 486). Many of the women characters in The Bell Jar and Enormous Changes at the Last Minute give us examples of this repression and exploitation. In both The Bell Jar and Enormous Changes at the Last Minute, we often see women as being subordinate to men. For†¦show more content†¦However, because of her role as servant, it is perfectly acceptable for her to perform this task. The final aspect of the exploitation of women is their use as cheap labor. In Distance, the main character works as an afternoon cashier. This is among the jobs that are acceptable for women. In The Bell Jar, Esther does not know shorthand, so she could be a waitress or a typist(Plath, 103). Again, we see women restricted to certain roles. All of these jobs earn a low wage, and all of them put the woman in the position of serving others. None of these jobs carries with it any authority. Jobs associated with authority are reserved for men. As the Redstockings said in their manifesto, women are considered inferior beings, whose only purpose is to enhance mens lives(Bloom, 486). As a class, men exploit them for personal use, both economically and sexually. They do everything they can to keep women in an inferior position. This repression is so pervasive that it is even found in the language of the women themselves. Correcting this problem is not a matter of changing individual relationships within the society. As the manifesto says, the conflicts between individual men and women are political conflicts that can only be solved collectively(486). In order for things to improve, there must be some change in society at a baseShow MoreRelatedBrand Building Blocks96400 Words   |  386 Pagesmultiple brands and products, describe the context of building brands today, a context that involves a growing level of complexity. The remaining reasons reflect internal pressures that inhibit brand building. The fifth reason, the temptation to change a sound brand strategy, is particularly insidious because it is the management equivalent of shooting yourself in the foot. The sixth and seventh reasons, the organizational bias against innovation and the pressure to invest elsewhere, are special

Friday, May 8, 2020

Why We Can t Wait By Martin Luther King, Jr. - 994 Words

In the narrative Why We Can’t Wait by Martin Luther King, Jr., published in 1964, King describes the struggles African Americans faced to receive equal rights. During the 1960s the Civil Rights movement was in full swing. The year 1963 is referred to as the beginning of the â€Å"Negro Revolution†. In the introduction of this narrative King compares the lives of two African American children. By using one child from Harlem, New York and one from Birmingham, Alabama, King explains how they faced similar battles of poverty with limited opportunities. This showed how this problem was a national problem and not one that was just confined to the South. King used descriptive examples to explain the Civil Rights movement throughout this narrative. The two major themes throughout Why We Can’t Wait are racial discrimination and the use of nonviolence. The â€Å"Negro Revolution† erupted in 1963 for many reasons. Racial discrimination was at its peak after the Supre me Court Case, Brown vs. Board, was rejected in 1954. Racial integration was progressing slowly and King wanted to change this. He expressed his strong belief in unity when he said, â€Å"Three hundred years of humiliation, abuse and deprivation cannot be expected to find voice in a whisper† (3). With the Pupil Placement Law making segregation a larger problem, King felt African Americans had been denied equality for too long. However, he planned to give them their path to freedom, with the idea in mind that with numbers comes strength.Show MoreRelatedWhy We Can t Wait By Martin Luther King Jr1254 Words   |  6 PagesIn Why We Can’t Wait by Martin Luther King Jr, Martin describes the weather and also implies that the civil rights movement were like the severe weather in 1962-63. He compared the harsh weather with the discrimination that black people were trying to overcome. In addition, black people were facing judgment, unfairness, poverty and lack of education. How ever, today black people often can get what they want and they come together and fight for their freedom and justice. Martin defines the year betweenRead MoreWhy We Can t Wait By Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.918 Words   |  4 Pages Why We Can’t Wait, a book by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., gives insight on the matters that occurred in Birmingham, 1963. Relation between the races have progressed since the sixties, but they could be better. This piece of literature should be read by all, if only to get a better understanding of history. Knowledge and ignorance, I feel, are key factors in what make relations between the races either good or bad. MLK gives great insight on the happenings in 1963 Birmingham, as well as the more overseenRead MoreComparing Martin Luther King And Malcolm X917 Words   |  4 Pagescontrast Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X were both civil rights leaders during the 1960s, but had different ideologies on how civil rights should be won. Both men were also deeply religious, but followed different religions and paths. The Great Depression never ended for African Americans; while others enjoyed an economic recovery, Black unemployment rose. Martin Luther King says that economic inequality in America became particularly obvious in 1963 (King, 23).Read MoreEssay Letter From Birmingham Jail1025 Words   |  5 PagesThe â€Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail† written by one of the key figures of the civil rights movement, Martin Luther King Jr., is one of the most powerful and influential writings in american history. The letter was written while he and fellow protestors were being held in custody for protesting in the city of Birmingham, Alabama. King was a very passionate and selfless man. He only had love in his heart for all living beings regardless of their race or religion. He believed in a peaceful way of protestRead MoreEssay on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and The Civil Rights Movement2125 Words   |  9 PagesMartin Luther King jr. was one of the most influential persons of the 20th Century . He is the father of the modern civil rights movement, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., is recognized around the world as a symbol of freedom as well as peace. King practiced everything that he preached, he did not preach or speak values that he himself did not follow. He established himself as a pastor that was not afraid of hard work, guiding the middle-class congregation to public service. For example, Peake, ThomasRead MoreArgumentative Synthesis Letter from Birmingham Jail1535 Words   |  7 Pagesvision such as Rev. Dr. Luther King Jr. Kings letter from Birmingham reflects his opinion that peace and non-violence were vital in achieving desegregation and important human rights for African Americans throughout the nation during the 1960’s. The â€Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail† was an appeal to the general African American population to lay down their weapons and rest their spite filled minds. He uses pleas to emotions, logic and to history in order to portray his vision. King famously preached toRead MoreThe Letter From Birmingham Jail 1321 Words   |  6 Pagesyou have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sister† (King). Children ripped apart from their families, not being able to socialize with certain people, or even go to the local amusement park. It was a hard time to be a colored person, and there was one hope. Martin Luther King, Jr. believed that one day blacks and whites could one day come together peacefully. King tried to do what he believed was right with everything in his will to finally join forces andRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement : Martin Luther King Jr.1305 Words   |  6 Pagesother minorities in the country. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the most famous civil rights activists that ever lived. In 1963, King delivered a letter he wrote in Birmingham City Jail due to nonviolent resistance participation which was unapproved by a group of white clergymen. In this letter, King addresses these clergymen’s critics about the demonstrations being unwise and untimely, and saying that the participants of such were outsiders coming in. King points out how whites are disturbedRead MoreThe Rhetorical Triangle : Ethos, Pathos, Logos1696 Words   |  7 Pagesability to convince and address his or her audience using three different areas that form the Rhetorical Triangle: Ethos, Pathos, and Logos. The strongest area of the Triangle based off the letter from Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King Jr in one’s opinion is Pathos. Although King uses all three repeatedly in his letter, Pathos is the most expressed area throughout this letter. Through his use of ethos in the way of fairness yet with authority to his audience, logos through facts and statistic, itRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr., â€Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail†3011 Words   |  13 Pages[Subject] [Date] Martin Luther king Jr., â€Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail† Outline 1. Introduction i) Argument about â€Å"Justice and injustice† ii) Religious appeals in King’s latter iii) Paragraph fourteen of King’s latter 2. Discussion 3. Conclusion Introduction The pressure of racial segregation was reaching a boiling point in 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama. After being arrested for his part in the Birmingham Campaign, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote an open letter

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

World War Ii the American Experience Free Essays

string(45) " fortifying a village along the beach front\." World War II: The American Experience HIS120 Date World War II: The American Experience It is no known secret that America attempted to reframe from becoming a part of what was projected as being a major war which started with the European culture. Historians believe that the second war was a contribution of the Great Depression which caused for America to seize from their investments in Europe. This caused for a struggle of power in Europe which provide an opportunity for Hitler and Stalin to obtain control over Europe. We will write a custom essay sample on World War Ii the American Experience or any similar topic only for you Order Now However receiving control over Britain would become a challenge. The prime minister at that time knew in order to survive he would need an alliance; the United States. With Germany, Italy, and Japan seizing majority of Europe, President Roosevelt agreed to support Britain in the war in order to promote the â€Å"Four Freedoms: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom for want, and freedom for fear† (Schultz, 2012). With the booming of Pearl Harbor on December 7, President Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war. Once war was declared and with Hitler also declaring war on the United States; this became the beginning of World War II. North African Campaign Figure 1. Allied Operations in World War II, 1942-1945 American troops entered into North Africa in late 1943. The North African Campaign, better known as the Desert War, took place in North African desert which surrounded those areas of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara (United States History, 2012). After the Axis (name given for the Germane, Italian, and Japanese) were defected in France, Northern Africa became the focus of conquering. It is stated that the North African Campaign was fought for not only one reason but for two reasons. The Suez Canal was the first objective to gain control over for the reason that the Suez Canal will be the source of controlling the Middle East. The second objective for the North African Campaign was the Middle East oil supply and resources. Egypt was a main focus due to the location in which was at the center of the Eastern Mediterranean, Abyssinia, and the Middle East (United States History, 2012). Operation torch was lead by General Bernard Montgomery. During operation torch, British troops were in Egypt fighting the Germany’s while American troops launched an invasion of French North Africa (United States History, 2012). The objective for operation torch was to gain control of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia which were all under the French dictatorship. By having control, the Allies (Britain, Soviet Union, and the United States) wanted to push the Axis out of Africa. The Allies were successful. â€Å"On May 12, 1943, the last organized Axis army force in Africa surrendered. The Allies had killed, wounded, or captured about 350,000 Axis soldiers, and had suffered about 70,000 casualties. After the victory in the North African Campaign, the stage was set for the Italian Campaign to begin† (United States History, 2012). Italian Campaign Figure 2. The Pacific and Adjacent Theaters, 1942-1945 At the Casablanca Conference held in Casablanca, Morocco in January 1943; the decision was made to invade Italy. The Allies had their first war conference to discuss the invasion. This launched the Italian Campaign which placed Allied soldiers on the mainland in Europe. The Italian Campaign consisted of five objectives: to â€Å"capitalize on the collapse of Italian resistance, make immediate use of ready Allied strength, engage German forces that might otherwise be used in Russia and northern France, secure airfields from which to intensify the bombing of Germany and the Balkans, and gain complete control of the Mediterranean† (United States History, 2012). D-Day; Normandy landings was the Operation Husky. During this operation, Allies landed on the beaches while leading the Germans to thinking that they would attack Sardinia and Corsica. Due to the bombing in Rome, the head of the government king Mussolini was forced to resign from his position. At that time, the Italians wanted to withdraw from the war with Japan and Russia. Operation Husky wanted to completely eliminate Italy from the war. By the end of the Italian Campaign, the war against Germany reallocated to France. â€Å"In the spring of 1945 Allied forces penetrated the final German defensive line to enter the fertile plains of the Po River Valley. On May 2, the Germans in Italy surrendered† (United States History, 2012). Japanese American, Infantry men of the 442nd Regiment, runs for cover as a German artillery shell is about to land outside the building. Levine, Italy. April 4, 1945. Normandy Campaign The objectives of the Allies were during the invasion of Normandy was eliminate all of the Germans capabilities of trying to organize a counterattack during the Allies amphibious assault. The Allies used their airborne capabilities to seize significant objectives like bridges, road crossings and terrain area’s mainly on the eastern and western flanks. The Allies also used their airborne infantry to land behind enemy forces on the beaches of Normandy to help egress the amphibious forces and also neutralize and destroy the Germans coastal defenses batteries. Sword beach was invaded by the British infantry, we the infantry made it ashore they were met with light resistance and the suffered minimal casualties. They had advanced five miles inland by the end of the first day of battle, but they did not meet their major objectives such as Caen which was still in possession of the Germans. Juno beach was invaded by the Canadian army; they were met with heavy German resistance upon landing ashore in Normandy. There were by heavy machine gun fire, pill boxes, and other major concrete fortifications that the German army had set up. Juno beach was the second heaviest outpost guarded by the Germans. The Canadian Army was the only unit to reach all of their objectives on D-Day. Gold beach was invaded by the 50th (Northumbrian) infantry division; they were also met with stiff German resistance due to the Germans fortifying a village along the beach front. You read "World War Ii the American Experience" in category "Papers" However, the 50th infantry divisions were able to overcome Germans and were able to proceed to outskirts of Bayeux by the end of the first day. The 50th infantry division then linked with Allied commando units who were securing the Port-en-Bessin. This gave the Allies a base that they could deploy the PLUTO pipeline. Omaha beach was invaded by the American allies; they met fierce resistance from the German 352nd Infantry Division who were Germany’s best trained force for defending the beaches and coastal areas. Omaha beach was so well fortified by the Germans that the Americans missed most of their landing objectives. However, after battling the Germans for three days the American allies were able to penetrate the Germans fortifications and move forward. Utah beach was invaded by the 4th infantry division; they were met with very little German resistance and were able to move further inland by the late afternoon where they linked up the 101st airborne division. After the beaches were secured allied forces were able to set up the Mulberry Harbors, which allowed supplies and reinforcements to come ashore to support allied forces. Victory in Normandy was followed by a pursuit to the French border in short order, and Germany was forced once again to reinforce the Western Front with manpower and resources from the Soviet and Italian fronts. By September, Allied forces of seven field armies (two of which came through southern France in Operation Dragoon) were approaching the German frontier. Allied material weight told heavily in Normandy, as did intelligence and deception plans. The general Allied concept of the battle was sound, drawing on the strengths of both Britain and the United States. German dispositions and leadership were often faulty, despite a creditable showing on the ground by many German units. In larger context the Normandy landings helped the Soviets on the Eastern front, who were facing the bulk of the German forces and, to a certain extent, contributed to the shortening of the conflict there. War in Europe The Battle of Atlantic was a battle that began with Great Britain declaring war on the Germans in September of 1939. The battle of the Atlantic brought about significant changes and creative inventions to the allies military. This was a major reason that allied forces were able to defeat the Germans in the Battle of Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic cost thousands of soldiers their lives and thousands of Navy ships were destroyed as well. During World War II allied forces conducted strategic bombing missions against the German’s. Allied forces would bomb railways, harbors, industrial places, and cities. As World War II begins to intensify, allied forces began to conduct numerous bombing missions. Allied forces bombed city believes that it was physiological warfare and they believe it would break the enemy’s will to continue fighting. The Majdanek concentration camp was located in Eastern Poland and was the first concentration camp that was liberate by the soviets in July of 1944. Before the Soviets were able to liberate the Majdanek concentration camp the German Nazi’s had killed between 90,000 and 140,000 prisoners. Majdanek concentration camp was initially a Prisoner of War camp that housed Russian Prisoners of War, but the camp soon turned towards a concentration camp for the Jews. It is estimated that 60,000 Jews were killed during the camps operation. In July of 1944 the soviets advanced on the Majdanek concentration so fast that the German Nazi’s were not able to conceal the evidence of the torture and killings they had committed. Liberation of Paris America was in war on two fronts, the war against Japan, and the war against Germany. The beginning of the conflict started with Paris started with Britain and Germany over a blockade that was preventing America to trade with either country. America had signed a treaty to stay out of the conflicts with foreign countries. America was drawn into the conflict when Germany decided to launch a full scale war with against Britain and France (Schultz, â€Å"World War II,† 2012). Paris had been invaded by the Germans, causing stress, killings, and havoc to the residents until D-Day, a code name for Destination Day, when America and France liberated Paris and broke the Strong hold of Germany and freed Paris (â€Å"Weider History Group†, 2006). Operation Market Garden was a strategic military maneuver plan in September 1944 to be carried out by planning to attack the Germans from the north, south, across the Rhine River, and west of Normandy along with an air attack. This plan failed due to conflict in order on when to strike and bad weather (Macdonald, n. d). The Germans strategy was if they could take control of smaller section of a country like Belgium, they would eventually take control of the country entirely. The Battle of the Bulge was one of the largest battles to take place on the west front. They lost the battle because they were spread too thin and was unsuccessful in knocking out the power in Bastogne, Belgium (Schultz, â€Å"World War II,† 2012). During the time of war the three allied forces, Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt was under great concern of the condition Poland would be in as they draw near their victory of the World War in January 1945. The Soviet Union, United States, who sided with Great Britain, was at odds with each other over Poland of which Soviet Union occupied. The Soviet Union wants to serve as a buffer for Poland whiles the United States and Britain wand Poland to be more independent. The Soviet Union proposal was more favorable and resulted in the Yalta Agreement. Churchill was in disagreement with the decision and the Soviet and Britain ended up in a Cold War (Schultz, â€Å"World War II,† 2012). While at the conference meeting in Yalta, Churchill and his ally, Roosevelt was planning an attack on Dresden, a city outside of Berlin. This city was a city of refuge that had no military stations of weapons. It only was a place that had hospitals and house to care for the wounded from the military. The people fled to the city seeking refuge from the Red terror of the war. Many of them were Jews, men women and children. The total death from the bombing is really unknown but is to be said to be over 600,000 (â€Å"The WWII Dresden Holocaust – A single Column of Flame†, n. . ). During the time of all the events that took place in Germany and World War II, it finally broke the back and the strong hold that Hitler had over Germany. At the end of the Holocaust of Dresden and the slaughter of Jews from the concentration camps of which 30,000 were killed, giving an estimated death toll of 600,000 men, women, and children. Hitler was known to have committed suicide in April 30 , 1945, given victory over Germany, known as of today called V- E Day, â€Å"Victory in Europe Day (Schultz, â€Å"World War II,† 2012). War in the Pacific The United States was holding a war on two fronts, the war in Germany with Britain and France against Germany, and the war against Japan. The Great Depression was perhaps the cause of both wars. With the Stock market crashing and the fall of the economy, America and some of the countries it served and served it was becoming financially ruin and was fighting to stay in power. Each country feeling its own power was trying to make sure that they were not going to be taken advantage of (Schultz, â€Å"World War II,† 2012). America had a strong presence in the Pacific and Japan did not want them there. They were fighting over who would control Hawaii. Japan also wants to take control of all Asia and China. During the time of World War II, Hong Kong was a part of Britain territory. MacArthur and Nimitz are two officers that have great similarities in helping turn the war to the benefit of America. Douglas MacArthur was a General in the U. S Army and Admirable Chester Nimitz was an officer in the United States Navy who had different styles of leadership that worked together to regain control of land and water in the Pacific War. Gen. MacArthur took control of the Philippines and Adm. Nimitz gain control of the Pacific. Churchill and Roosevelt were winning the war. Along with the best two commanders, they began to use a strategy to keep Japan from getting a foothold by sending troops to take over small islands and maintaining control and at the same time pushing the Japanese back while earning the name Island Hoppers (Schultz, â€Å"World War II,† 2012). References Center of Military History. (1992). A Brief History of the U. S. Army. Retrieved from http://www. ibiblio. org/hyperwar/USA/USA-C-WWII/index. tml Schultz, K. M. (2012). HIST2, Volume 2 (2nd Ed. ). Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. The WWII Dresden Holocaust – A Single Column of Flame. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://rense. com/general19/flame. htm Weider History Group. (2006). Retrieved from http://www. historynet. com/world-war-ii-the-liberation-of-paris. htm United States History. (2012). Italian Campaign. Retrieved from http://www. u-s-history. com/pages/h1742. html United States History. (2012). North African Campaign. Retrieved from http://www. u-s-history. com/pages/h1727. html How to cite World War Ii the American Experience, Essays

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Tale Of 2 Cities Essays - Literature, English-language Films, Film

Tale Of 2 Cities "A Tale of Two Cities" is written by Charles Dickens and it takes place in France and England during the troubled times of the French Revolution. The characters travels to both country but most of the story happens in Paris, France. The hot spot of the French revolutionists, mostly takes place in a wineshop in Paris, because the wineshop owner is Ernest Defarge and his wife, Madame Defarge are the key leaders and officials of the revolution. The action in the book takes place in many parts of Paris, such as the Bastille, Tellson?s Bank, the home of the Manettes and largely in the streets of Paris. This places help introduce many characters into the story. One of the main characters, Madame Theresa Defrage, is a major antagonist who seeks revenge. She is a very tense and unforgiving woman who seeks revenge on the Evermonde family. Through out the story, she weave shrouds for the intended victims of the revolution. Charles Darnay, one of whom Mrs. Defarge is seeking revenge, is constantly being put on the stand and wants no part of his own lineage. He is languid protagonist and has a tendency to get arrested and must be bailed out several times during the story. Dr. Alexander Manette, a veteran prisoner of the Bastille and moderate protagonist, cannot escape the memory of being held and sometimes fall back to cobbling shoes, he plays a very significant part in the story. His daughter , Lucie Manette, a positive protagonist, is loved by many and marries Charles Darnay. She is a quiet, emotional person and discriminating protagonist in the story. One who never forgot the love of Lucie, was Sydney Carton, who starts off as a frustrated, immature alcoholic, but in the end, he made the ultimate sacrifice for a good friend. This are the characters that gives the interesting and dramatic plot to the story. Carton was deeply in love with Lucie and is always telling her that he loves her so much that he would do anything for her but Lucie ends up marring Darnay, a few days after their marriage when they were on their honeymoon, Dr. Manette has a fall back and cobbles shoes for nine straight days. France?s citizens arm themselves for a revolutoin led by the Defarges and starts the revolution by riding to Bastille. Shortly before they start the revolution, the Marquis runs over a child in the street of Paris. The child?s father, Gaspard who is part of the revolution murders Marquis. Three years later Darnay is called back to Paris to help his friend Gabelle, when Darnay was walking on the street of Paris he got arrested for being an enemy of the country. Lucie and her father Dr. Manette goes to Paris to see if they can be of any help to Darnay. Darnay is release from prison but the same day he is re-arrested on charges set forth by the Defrages and one other unknown person. The next day Darnay sent to trial and is convicted and sentence to death. Here is when the heroe comes and with spy contacts finds out in which prison he is encarcelated, he goes and drugs Darnay, while Darnay was drug, Carton switches place with Darnay. Lucie, Charles Darnay and their daughter leaves Paris safely while Sydney Carton makes his final sacrifice and is taking to the guillotine in place of Darnay. Summary of the Standard Historical Source The French Revolution is a cataclysmic political and social upheaval, extending from 1789 to1799. The revolution resulted, among other things, in the overthrow of the Bourdon monarchy in France and in the establishment of the First Republic. It was generated by a vast complex of causes, the most important of which were the inability of the ruling classes of nobility, divine, and bourgeoisie to come to grips with the problems of the state, the indecisive nature of the monarch, extortionate taxation of the peasantry. Another cause was the accession of Louis XVI in 1774 which lasted for a century, the French government had undergone periodic economic crises, resulting from the long wars waged during the reign of Louis XIV. The rebellion continued the challenge of royal decrees and the mutinous mood of the royal army forced the king to capitulate. On June 27 he ordered the refractory nobility and clergy to join the unicameral legislature, which then designated itself the National Constituent Assembly. Yielding to pressure from the queen and the d?Artois. At the same time, Necker, the popular apostle